Nmap - Cheatsheet

Nmap Nikto Scan

Scans for http (Web) servers on port 80 and pipes into Nikto for scanning.

nmap -p80 -oG - | nikto.pl -h -

Scans for http/https servers on port 80 & 443 and pipes into Nikto.

nmap -p80,443 -oG - | nikto.pl -h -

Target Specification

Nmap is able to use hostnames, IP addresses and subnets.

nmap www.company.domain.com  
nmap 10.0.0-255.1-254


Target Specific settings

-iL            inputfilename: Input from list of hosts/networks
-iR            num hosts: Choose random targets
--exclude      host1[,host2][,host3],... : Exclude hosts/networks
--excludefile  exclude_file: Exclude list from file

Host Discovery

-sL                       List Scan - simply list targets to scan
-sn                       Ping Scan - disable port scan
-Pn                       Treat all hosts as online -- skip host discovery
-PS/PA/PU/PY[portlist]    TCP SYN/ACK, UDP or SCTP discovery to given ports
-PE/PP/PM                 ICMP echo, timestamp, and netmask request discovery probes
-PO[protocol list]        IP Protocol Ping
-n/-R                     Never do DNS resolution/Always resolve [default: sometimes]


Scan Techniques

-sS            TCP SYN scan
-sT            Connect scan
-sA            ACK scan
-sW            Window scan
-sM            Maimon scan

-sU            UDP Scan

-sN            TCP Null scan
-sF            FIN scan
-sX            Xmas scan

--scanflags                  Customize TCP scan flags
-sI zombie host[:probeport]  Idle scan

-sY            SCTP INIT scan
-sZ            COOKIE-ECHO scan

-sO            IP protocol scan

 -b "FTP relay host"  FTP bounce scan

Port Specification and Scan Order

-p                     Specify ports, e.g. -p80,443 or -p1-65535
-p U:PORT              Scan UDP ports with Nmap, e.g. -p U:53
-F                     Fast mode, scans fewer ports than the default scan
-r                     Scan ports consecutively - don't randomize
--top-ports "number"   Scan "number" most common ports
--port-ratio "ratio"   Scan ports more common than "ratio"

Service Version Detection

-sV                            Probe open ports to determine service/version info
--version-intensity "level"    Set from 0 (light) to 9 (try all probes)
--version-light                Limit to most likely probes (intensity 2)
--version-all                  Try every single probe (intensity 9)
--version-trace                Show detailed version scan activity (for debugging)


Script Scan

-sC                                equivalent to --script=default
--script="ssl-heartbleed"         "ssl-heartbleed" Is the selected script 
--script-args=n1=v1,[n2=v2,...]    provide arguments to scripts
-script-args-file=filename         provide NSE script args in a file
--script-trace                     Show all data sent and received
--script-updatedb                  Update script database
--script-help="ssl-heartbleed"     Show help about scripts


OS Detection

-O                 Enable OS Detection
--osscan-limit     Limit OS detection to promising targets
--osscan-guess     Guess OS more aggressively


Firewalls IDS Evasion and Spoofing

-f; --mtu VALUE           Fragment packets (optionally w/given MTU)
-D decoy1,decoy2,ME       Cloak a scan with decoys
-S IP-ADDRESS             Spoof source address
-e IFACE                  Use specified interface

-g PORTNUM                Use given port number
--source-port PORTNUM    
--proxies url1,[url2],... Relay connections through HTTP / SOCKS4 proxies
--data-length NUM         Append random data to sent packets
--ip-options OPTIONS      Send packets with specified ip options
--ttl VALUE                     Set IP time to live field
--spoof-mac ADDR/PREFIX/VENDOR  Spoof NMAP MAC address
--badsum                  Send packets with a bogus TCP/UDP/SCTP checksum

Nmap Output Options

-oN                       Output Normal
-oX                       Output to XML
-oS                       Script Kiddie / 1337 speak... sigh
-oG                       Output greppable - easy to grep nmap output
-oA BASENAME              Output in the three major formats at once
-v                        Increase verbosity level use -vv or more for greater effect
-d                        Increase debugging level use -dd or more for greater effect
--reason                  Display the reason a port is in a particular state
--open                    Only show open or possibly open ports
--packet-trace            Show all packets sent / received
--iflist                  Print host interfaces and routes for debugging
--log-errors              Log errors/warnings to the normal-format output file
--append-output           Append to rather than clobber specified output files
--resume FILENAME         Resume an aborted scan
--stylesheet PATH/URL     XSL stylesheet to transform XML output to HTML
--webxml                  Reference stylesheet from Nmap.Org for more portable XML
--no-stylesheet           Prevent associating of XSL stylesheet w/XML output
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